Tooth Remineralisation

Demineralisation and remineralisation of dental enamel is conditioned by multiple variables, from the oral cavity’s PH, microbiome, saliva, enzymes, presence of minerals (calcium, phosphate, fluoride) and more. (Source)[1]

Tooth remineralisation is a naturally occurring process in the oral cavity.[2] It is defined as a process in which calcium and phosphate ions are sourced to promote ion deposition into crystal voids in demineralised enamel. Remineralisation remains imperative towards the management of non-cavitated carious lesions and prevention of disease progression within the oral cavity. The process also has the ability to contribute towards restoring strength and function within tooth structure.[3]

On the other hand, tooth demineralisation is a chemical process by which minerals (mainly calcium) are removed from any of the hard tissues: enamel, dentine, and cementum.[4] The process of demineralization begins at the crystal surface found inside the hard tooth tissue and may progress into cavitation unless arrested or overridden by remineralisation. The effect of demineralisation can be reversed if there is sufficient time to allow remineralisation to occur to counteract the acids in the oral cavity.[5] Demineralisation and remineralisation constitute a synergistic and dynamic process.[6]

The Tooth decay process

The initiation of the caries process is triggered by an increase in the acidity of bacterial plaque. In other words, the process of dental caries occurs when the acid-producing bacteria found in dental plaque on teeth feed on fermentable carbohydrates and produce organic acids as by-products. [7] The acids diffuse into the tooth surface and dissolve the carbonated hydroxyapatite mineral that consecutively forms a carious lesion. When food or drinks containing sugars enter the mouth, the bacteria within the plaque rapidly convert the sugars into acid. The plaque can hold the acid in contact with the tooth surface for up to two hours before it is neutralised by saliva. During the time that the plaque is acidic, some of the calcium and phosphate minerals are dissolved out of the enamel into the plaque and once the plaque acid has been neutralised the minerals can return to the enamel surface. However the capacity for remineralisation is limited and if sugars enter the mouth too frequently a net loss of mineral from the enamel surface results in a cavity through which bacteria can penetrate and infect the inner structure of the tooth.[4] Although a key feature of tooth decay is the increase of bacteria such as Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus in dental plaque, it is not considered as an infectious disease.[4]  

Tooth decay can be managed by modifying behavior and controlling its causative factors, i.e. reducing the intake frequency of fermentable carbohydrates from food, eating the right foods and living holistically. This will reduce the chance of the dental biofilm developing into cariogenic biofilm. The bacteria in cariogenic biofilm produce organic acids when carbohydrates, especially sugar, are eaten. When enough acid is produced so that the pH goes below 5.5, the acid dissolves carbonated hydroxyapatite, the main component of tooth enamel, in a process known as demineralisation.[8] After the sugar is gone, the mineral loss can be recovered—or remineralised—from ions dissolved in the saliva. Cavities result when the rate of demineralisation exceeds the rate of remineralisation and the latticework is destroyed, typically in a process that requires many months or years.[9]

Natural Tooth Remineralisation

Role of saliva

Saliva, being the watery substance that constantly circulates the oral cavity, is capable of impacting both the remineralisation and demineralisation processes. It is secreted through the major salivary glands including the parotid, submandibular, sublingual and Von Ebner’s glands as well as the hundreds of minor salivary glands that are located throughout the oral cavity.[10]

Remineralization occurs on a daily basis after an acidogenic challenge through the presence of saliva.[11]Calcium, phosphate and fluoride found in saliva, are required for effective remineralization and maintenance of the enamel surface integrity.[11] Therefore, as saliva is rich in calcium and phosphate ions, it can act as a natural buffer to neutralise acid and allow demineralised tooth tissues to be remineralised.[4] If there is reduced saliva flow or reduced saliva quality, this will increase the risk of demineralization and create the need for treatment in order to prevent demineralisation progression.[4]

Saliva function can be organised into five major categories that serve to maintain oral health and create an appropriate ecologic balance: Lubrication and protection: Buffering action and clearance; Maintenance of tooth integrity; Antibacterial activity; Taste and digestion.[4]

As the demineralisation process continues, the pH of the mouth becomes more acidic which promotes the development of cavities. Dissolved minerals then diffuse out of the tooth structure and into the saliva surrounding the tooth. The buffering capacity of saliva greatly impacts the pH of plaque surrounding the enamel, thereby inhibiting caries progression. Plaque thickness and the number of bacteria present determine the effectiveness of salivary buffers.[4] The high salivary concentrations of calcium and phosphate which are maintained by salivary proteins may account for the development and remineralisation of enamel. The presence of fluoride in saliva speeds up crystal precipitation forming a fluorapatite- like coating which will be more resistant to caries.[4]

Tooth Remineralisation Treatments & Preventative Strategies

Besides professional holistic dental care, hereinafter a few other less remineralisation techniques.

Fluoride helps to catalyze remineralisation of teeth

Section Under construction

Natural Fluoride versus Synthetic Fluoride

The natural version of fluoride is known as calcium fluoride (CaF2), which is naturally found in soil and in moderate abundance in tea leaves, wine and potatoes. On the other hand, synthetic Fluoride (Sodium Fluoride (NaF)) is toxic and not recommended. The term “fluoride” is a cover-up name for many of the toxic chemicals that make up fluoride, including lead, arsenic, aluminum, cadmium, fluorosilicic acid and even radioactive materials. The pure form of sodium fluoride is so toxic that by just consuming a small volume of it can kill a human being. There is enough fluoride in one tube of toothpaste to kill two small children. This is why fluoridated toothpastes have warning labels on them and fluoride-free toothpastes do not. Sodium fluoride is even more toxic than certain forms of rat poison – in fact, sodium fluoride is one of the main chemicals in pesticide, insecticide and fungicide for this very reason. As described at PreventDisease.com:

“The fluoride added to 90% of drinking water is hydrofluoric acid which is a compound of fluorine that is a chemical byproduct of aluminum, steel, cement, phosphate, and nuclear weapons manufacturing (….) Hydrofluoric acid is used to refine high octane gasoline, to make fluorocarbons and chlorofluorocarbons for freezers and air conditioners, and to manufacture computer screens, fluorescent light bulbs, semiconductors, plastics, herbicides, and toothpaste.”

On other hand natural fluoride is a mineral found naturally in rock, air, soil, plants and water and it assists by protecting children and adults against tooth decay, repairing early white spot lesions found on the tooth surface that may develop into cavities. It can also helps prevent premature tooth loss of baby teeth due to decay and overall assists in guiding the adult teeth to correct tooth eruption. Aids in the prevention of invasive dental treatment therefore reducing the amount of money spent on dental treatment.

Fluoride therapy is often used to promote remineralisation. This produces the stronger and more acid-resistant fluorapatite, rather than the natural hydroxyapatite. Both materials are made of calcium. In fluorapatite, fluoride takes the place of a hydroxide.[12]

Section under construction

Plaque control

Oral hygiene practices involve the mechanical removal of plaque from hard tissue surfaces[23] Cariogenic bacteria levels in the plaque determine whether caries will occur or not, therefore, effective removal of plaque is paramount.[24] The removal of plaque inhibits demineralisation of teeth, and inversely increases opportunities for remineralisation.

Diet

Demineralization is caused by bacteria excreting acids as a product of their metabolism of carbohydrates. By reducing the intake frequency of carbohydrates in an individual’s diet, remineralization is increased and demineralization is decreased. Diet control is an important aspect in promoting remineralization to occur naturally. A loss of the tooth enamel structure and cavitation may occur if the demineralization phase continues for a long period of time. This disturbance of demineralisation caused by the presence of fermentable carbohydrates continues until the saliva has returned to a normal pH and had sufficient time to penetrate and neutralize the acids within any cariogenic biofilm present.[25]

Increased sugar consumption in the means of foods and drinks containing high levels of sugar are known to be associated with high rates of dental decay. As a result, members of the dental team routinely assess patients’ diets and highlight areas where this could be improved to reduce the risk of dental decay. A balanced diet is an important contributing factor towards oral health and general health. It is common knowledge that certain dietary habits contribute to disease, whether patients take note of advice which is given to them and change their diet as a result, is less certain.[26]

It has been concluded in modern societies that a significant relationship between sugars and caries persists despite the regular widespread use of fluoride toothpaste.[27] Several reviews conclude that high sugar consumption continues to be the main threat for dental health of whole populations in some developed and many developing countries. Therefore, a key strategy to further reducing levels of caries in individuals as well as for populations, is by means of reducing the frequency of sugar intakes in the diet.

Foods high in refined carbohydrates, such as concentrated fruit snack bars, sweets, muesli bars, sweet biscuits, some breakfast cereals and sugary drinks including juices can contribute to dental decay, especially if eaten often and over long periods as the sugar nourishes the cariogenic bacteria in mouth. The bacteria produce acid, which destroys teeth. Highly refined packaged foods such as savory crackers and chips can also have high levels of carbohydrates. It is important to check the nutritional information panel on packaged foods to determine which foods and drinks have high carbohydrate concentrations.[28]

To prevent demineralisation in the mouth, it is important for an individual to ensure they have a well-balanced diet, including foods containing calcium and foods that are low in acids and sugars. The individual should have a diet high in fresh fruits and vegetables, wholegrain cereals, legumes, seeds and nuts. Sugary snacks including lollies, fruit bars, muesli bars, biscuits, dried fruit, cordials, juices and soft drinks should be limited as they contribute to dental decay and dental erosion. Additionally, excessive starchy foods (such as bread, pasta, and crackers), fruits and milk products consumed frequently can cause the growth of dental plaque and bacteria.[28] Therefore healthy eating, healthy drinking and proper maintenance of oral hygiene is the best way to promote and maintain sound tooth structure for an individual.

Phytic Acid

Section under construction

Xylitol & Chewing

Xylitol is a natural sweetener, also known as a sugar alcohol.[11] Xylitol inhibits acid production by oral bacteria and promotes remineralisation of the teeth.[11] It can be found in various products which include chewing gums and lozenges. Xylitol has been found to reduce mutans strepococci in plaque and saliva and reduce the binding of these to the acquired enamel pellicle.[11] This in turn leads to less adherent plaque and a decrease in acid production.[11] In addition, chewing xylitol gum will stimulate increased salivary flow which in turn increases the amount of calcium in the saliva and enhances the oral clearance.

Additional saliva flow which includes chewing products such as gums that contain no fermentable carbohydrates can aid in the modulation of plaque pH. Sugar free xylitol is recommended for uses to prevent caries formation. Indeed, research has shown that the use of gum containing xylitol reduces plaque accumulation and gingival inflammation and enhances remineralisation process.[29]

References

1. Featherstone, J. D. B. (2008). “Dental caries: A dynamic disease process”. Australian Dental Journal53 (3): 286–291. doi:10.1111/j.1834-7819.2008.00064.xPMID 18782377

2.  Fejerskov, O., Nyvad, Bente, & Kidd, Edwina A. M. (2015). Dental caries : The disease and its clinical management (Third ed.).

3.  Cochrane NJ, Cai F, Huq NL, Burrow MF, Reynolds EC. New approaches to enhanced remineralization of tooth enamel. Journal of Dental Research. 2010 Nov 1;89(11):1187-97

4. Li X, Wang J, Joiner A, Chang J. The remineralisation of enamel: a review of the literature. Journal of dentistry. 2014 Jun 30;42:S12-20

5. Garcia- Godoy, F. & Hicks, J. (2008). Maintaining the integrity of the enamel surface. American Dental Association, 139(3).

6.  Hicks J, Garcia-Godoy F, Flaitz C. Biological factors in dental caries: role of saliva and dental plaque in the dynamic process of demineralization and remineralization (part 1). Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry. 2004 Sep 1;28(1):47-52

7.  Featherstone JD. Dental caries: a dynamic disease process. Australian dental journal. 2008 Sep 1;53(3):286-91.

8. Fejerskov O, Nyvad B, Kidd EA: Pathology of dental caries; in Fejerskov O, Kidd EAM (eds): Dental caries: The disease and its clinical management. Oxford, Blackwell Munksgaard, 2008, vol 2, pp 20-48.

9. Soi S, Roy AS, Vinayak V. Fluorides and Their Role in Demineralization and Remineralization. Principal’s Message.:19

10. Nanci, A., & Ten Cate, A. (2008). Ten Cate’s oral histology. St. Louis, Mo.: Mosby Elsevier.

11. García-Godoy, Franklin; Hicks, M. John (2008-05-01). “Maintaining the integrity of the enamel surface: The role of dental biofilm, saliva and preventive agents in enamel demineralization and remineralization”The Journal of the American Dental Association. 139, Supplement 2: 25S–34S. doi:10.14219/jada.archive.2008.0352.

12. Better health channel. “Dental care – fluoride”, April 2012. retrieved on 2016-04-15.

13. Pizzo, G.; Piscopo, M. R.; Pizzo, I.; Giuliana, G. (2007). “Community Water Fluoridation and Caries Prevention: A Critical Review” (PDF). Clinical Oral Investigations11 (3): 189–193. doi:10.1007/s00784-007-0111-6PMID 17333303.

14.  Aoba, T.; Fejerskov, O. (2002). “Dental Fluorosis: Chemistry and Biology”. Critical Reviews in Oral Biology & Medicine13 (2): 155–70. doi:10.1177/154411130201300206PMID 12097358.

15. Cury, J. A.; Tenuta, L. M. A. (2008). “How to Maintain a Cariostatic Fluoride Concentration in the Oral Environment”. Advances in Dental Research20 (1): 13–16. doi:10.1177/154407370802000104PMID 18694871.

16.  Hellwig, E.; Lennon, Á. M. (2004). “Systemic versus Topical Fluoride”. Caries Research38 (3): 258–262. doi:10.1159/000077764PMID 15153698.

17. Dr RS Levine. “The British Fluoridation Society”, A guide to the action of fluoride in the prevention of dental decay, 2016. retrieved on 2016-05-3.

18. Li, Xiaoke; Wang, Jinfang; Joiner, Andrew; Chang, Jiang. “The remineralisation of enamel: a review of the literature”Journal of Dentistry42: S12–S20. doi:10.1016/s0300-5712(14)50003-6.

19. Iijima, Y. (2008). “Early detection of white spot lesions with digital camera and remineralization therapy”. Australian Dental Journal53 (3): 274–280. doi:10.1111/j.1834-7819.2008.00062.xPMID 18782375.

20.  Beltrán-Aguilar; Goldstein; Lockwood (2000). “Fluoride Varnishes: A Review of Their Clinical Use, Cariostatic Mechanism, Efficacy and Safety: A Review of Their Clinical Use, Cariostatic Mechanism, Efficacy and Safety”. The Journal of the American Dental Association131 (5): 589–596.

21. Wiegand, A; Bichsel, D; Magalhães, AC; Becker, K; Attin, T (Aug 2009). “Effect of sodium, amine and stannous fluoride at the same concentration and different pH on in vitro erosion”. Journal of Dentistry37 (8): 591–5. doi:10.1016/j.jdent.2009.03.020.

22. National health and medical research council. “Health effects of water fluoridation”, 2016-04-06. retrieved on 2016-04-11.

23. Darby ML, Walsh M. Dental hygiene: theory and practice. Elsevier Health Sciences; 2014 Apr 15.

24. Hicks, John; Garcia-Godoy, Franklin; Flaitz, Catherine (2003-01-01). “Biological factors in dental caries: role of saliva and dental plaque in the dynamic process of demineralization and remineralization (part 1)”. The Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry28 (1): 47–52. doi:10.17796/jcpd.28.1.yg6m443046k50u20ISSN 1053-4628PMID 14604142.

25.  Arathi Rao, Neeraj Malhotra. “The Role of Remineralizing Agents in dentistry: A Review”. Volume 32, Number 6. 2011. retrieved on 2016-05-22.

26. Moynihan, Paula; Erik Petersen, Poul (2004). “Diet, nutrition and the prevention of dental diseases” (PDF). Public Health Nutrition7 (1a): 201–226. doi:10.1079/PHN2003589PMID 14972061. Retrieved 22 May 2016.

27. Cury, J; Tenuta, L (24 Jan 2014). “Evidence-based recommendation on toothpaste use”Brazilian Oral Research28: 1–7. doi:10.1590/S1806-83242014.50000001. Retrieved 23 May 2016.

28. ”Eating habits for a healthy smile and body” (PDF). The Journal of the American Dental Association141 (12): 1544. Jan–Feb 2011. doi:10.14219/jada.archive.2010.0115. Retrieved 22 May 2016.

29.  Humphrey, S. & Williamson, R. (2001). A review of saliva: Normal composition, flow, and function. The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, 85(2), 162-169.

Further reading

Chow, L. (2010). “Diffusion of Ions Between Two Solutions Saturated With Respect to Hydroxyapatite: A Possible Mechanism for Subsurface Demineralization of Teeth” (PDF). Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology. National Institute of Science and Technology. 115 (4): 217–224. doi:10.6028/jres.115.015PMC 2966276Freely accessiblePMID 21037801.

Exhibit A

Essential Oils potentiate fluoride

J Am Dent Assoc. 2004 Feb;135(2):231-7.

The remineralizing effect of an essential oil fluoride mouthrinse in an intraoral caries test.

Zero DT1, Zhang JZHarper DSWu MKelly SWaskow JHoffman M.

Author information

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The authors conducted a two-week clinical study to determine the remineralizing effect of an experimental mouthrinse containing both fluoride and essential oils in an intraoral caries test model.

METHODS:

The study used an observer-blinded, randomized, controlled, 3 x 3 crossover design. The authors enrolled in the study 153 subjects, each of whom had a mandibular removable partial denture. Two partially demineralized human enamel specimens were mounted on each subject’s removable partial denture. Subjects used either a fluoride mouthrinse with essential oils (the test mouthrinse), a fluoride nonessential oils mouthrinse (the positive control) or an essential oil nonfluoride mouthrinse (the negative control) twice daily for 14 days. The researchers assessed specimens for mineral content change and fluoride uptake using surface microhardness, or SMH, testing and enamel fluoride analysis, respectively.

RESULTS:

Of the 153 subjects enrolled in the study, 125 subjects were evaluable at the study endpoint. The results after two weeks showed that percentage of SMH recovery was 42 percent in the test group, 36 percent in the positive control group and 16 percent in the negative control group. The fluoride uptake was 19 micrograms per square centimeter, 16 microg/cm2 and 3 microg/cm2 for the test mouthrinse, positive control and negative control groups, respectively. In terms of both percentage of SMH and fluoride uptake, the test mouthrinse and positive control mouthrinse were statistically higher than the negative control mouthrinse, and the test mouthrinse was “at least as good as” the positive control mouthrinse.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study provides evidence that an essential oil mouthrinse with 100 parts per million fluoride is effective in promoting enamel remineralization and fluoride uptake.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS:

The combination of fluoride and essential oils in a mouthrinse may provide anticaries efficacy, in addition to essential oils’ previously established antigingivitis efficacy.

EXHIBIT B

Sodium Fluoride and Toxicity

 

 

11 Weird Home Remedies for Cavities that Actually Work

As someone who is passionate about dental health and hygiene, it is important to me to share the knowledge I have with others. That is why I have compiled a list of home remedies for cavities for you to turn to for advice. Keeping your teeth in tip top shape is important for long lasting dental health and a healthy smile. Turning to home remedies for cavities is not only easy, but gentle and highly effective ways to heal cavities naturally.

CAUSES

Cavities, also known as caries, are little holes that appear in the tooth and are caused by a decay in the tooth or teeth that are affected. What causes tooth decay you might ask? Tooth decay can be caused by a bacterial infection. This bacterial infection will cause the affected tooth to become demineralized and destruct the hard tissues within the teeth.

There are certain risks associated in developing cavities. You can develop a cavity from several different factors which includes:

  • Food that will cling to your teeth for long periods of time
  • Frequent sipping or snacking
  • Dental hygiene that is poor
  • Lack of proper amounts of fluoride
  • Dry mouth
  • Worn out fillings or other dental devices
  • Developed eating disorders such as bulimia or anorexia due to the constant purging. (The stomach acids in the vomit will eventually break down the enamel placing the teeth at high risk for developing cavities.)
  • Weakness in the teeth due to lack of proper diet
  • Damaged teeth that have not been looked after
  • Diets lacking calcium, magnesium, or phosphorus

Understanding the causes of cavities will allow you to understand how to prevent cavities. Cavity prevention is essential in dental health and hygiene. Yet, before I go on to cavity prevention, let’s have a look at the signs and symptoms of cavities so you can understand what a cavity will do.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

When you have a cavity as an adult, you will know. However, cavities in children can be harder to identify. This can be due to the fact that they do not realize they have one. Not to mention, their teeth are smaller so it can be tricky to spot. Yet, if you are aware of the signs and symptoms, not only can you quickly identify a cavity in a child, you can recognize a cavity appearance in your own mouth.

The signs and symptoms of cavities include:


  • Toothache
  • Tooth sensitivity to cold and/or hot temperatures
  • Sharp or mild pain when drinking or eating
  • Visible pits or holes in the affected tooth
  • Black, white, or brown staining on the affected tooth

If you allow your cavities to go without treatment, they can develop into more serious problems. This includes tooth decay, severe toothaches, infections, and even losing the affected tooth. When this occurs you will need to seek the professional advice of your dentist for professional (and expensive) treatments such as root canals, fillings, and/or crowns.

If you have noticed your child or yourself developing any of the above listed symptoms, you should go to a dentist for a medical diagnosis. With a dental check-up you can determine how serious the cavity is and receive a proper diagnosis. It is advised to speak to your dentist before administering any tooth decay treatment at home.

TREATMENTS

Treating cavities at home is simple and easy. Not to mention that home remedies are also gentle and powerful and can even be used on babies or young children. After you have received a diagnosis of a cavity, you can begin to use a home remedy for cavities right away.​

11 Weird Home Remedies for Cavities that Actually Work

1. Administer Clove and Sesame Seed Oils

sesame seeds

Photo Credit: eatseed.com

Cloves are one of the most vital ingredients in fighting cavities naturally. Due to the high properties of anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, and analgesic properties, clove can help to soothe any pain caused by the cavity as well as heal them entirely. Clove will target the affected area and prevent it from spreading from the first use.

In addition to cavities, clove is useful for a wide range of dental problems.

Required Ingredients:

  • 2-3 drops of clove oil
  • ¼ teaspoon of sesame oil
  • Cotton balls

Process:

  • Place the sesame oil and the clove oil on a cotton ball.
  • Gently rub and press the cotton ball directly onto the tooth affected by the cavity.
  • Repeat nightly before bed.

Notes: Do not use and excess amount of clove or continue use for extended periods of time. Clove oil is best used as a quick and temporary relief from cavities.


2. Swish Salt Water

salt

Salt is a highly useful home remedy for cavities due to its high levels of anti-bacterial and antiseptic properties. Salt will allow for the pain and inflammation to be reduced, it will draw out the infection present in the tooth, and it will prevent further infection from occurring.

Required Ingredients:

  • 1 teaspoon of salt
  • Warm water

Process:

  • Place the salt into a glass of warm water.
  • Immediately take the water into your mouth, without swallowing, and swish thoroughly in your mouth. Make sure to concentrate on the effected tooth.
  • After one minute of swishing, spit into the sink and rinse your mouth with cold water.
  • Repeat three times each day until you no longer have cavities.

3. Practice Oil Pulling

oil

The art of oil pulling is centuries old. It is an ancient home remedy for dental health issues and can assist in issues such as bleeding gums, foul breath, and of course, reducing cavities. Oil pulling helps you to pull the harmful, infection causing bacteria from the mouth. The cleansing effect of oil pulling will help you clear your mouth of harmful bacterias.

Required Ingredients:

  • 1 tablespoon of sesame, sunflower, or coconut oils

Process:

  • Place the tablespoon of the oil of your choice directly into your mouth. Do not swallow.
  • Gently, yet vigorously swish the oil into your mouth for approximately 20 minutes.
  • Spit it out. Make sure you do not swallow or gargle the oil o choice.
  • Rinse with warmed water. (you can add a little salt for added benefits)
  • Brush your teeth as usual.
  • Repeat each morning, on an empty stomach, until the cavities are gone.

4. Administer a Garlic Paste

garlic

Garlic is a natural fighter against bacteria and can help reduce the infection caused by the cavity as well as keep it from spreading. Garlic is often recommended among homeopaths for cavities and tooth decay as a natural remedy. In addition in assisting with the infection, garlic can reduce and soothe any pain, inflammation, and help to promote healthier gums and teeth.

Required Ingredients:

  • 3-4 cloves of fresh garlic
  • ¼ teaspoon of rock salt

Process:

  • Peel and crush the fresh cloves of garlic.
  • Slowly start to add the rock salt and combine with the crushed garlic to make a paster.
  • Directly apply it to the infected tooth.
  • Leave to rest on the infected tooth for 10 minutes.
  • After 10 minutes, rinse with a mouthwash.
  • Repeat twice daily until your cavity is healed.

Notes: If you do not want to make a paste, you can rub garlic oil directly on the infected tooth with a cotton ball for the same amount of time. In addition, consuming raw garlic will aid in cavity prevention and healing.


5. Administer Licorice Root

Licorice Root

Photo Credit: stylecraze.com

Licorice root is a natural ingredient that will help to keep the teeth and the rest of the mouth healthy. This is because the licorice root contains two powerful ingredients- licoricidin and licorisoflaven A – both of which will directly fight against infection and inflammation. Licorice root will also help prevent the cavity from spreading as well as fight against any plaque present on the teeth.

Required Ingredients:

  • ½ teaspoon of dried licorice root

Process:

  • Add the dried licorice root to your toothpaste on your toothbrush.
  • Brush normally and rinse.
  • Repeat twice daily until your cavities are healed.

Notes: If you do not want to use dried licorice root, you may also gently chew on a piece of soft licorice and use it in place of your toothbrush.


6. Administer Turmeric

turmeric

Photo Credit: ritely.com

Turmeric is often turned to for a natural remedy to fight against cavities. Turmeric will provide instant relief from pain caused by the cavities as well as stop any inflammation. Turmeric contains high anti-bacterial properties that will aid in gum health as well as prevent the spread of any infection present in the tooth.

Required Ingredients:

  • ½ teaspoon of turmeric powder

Process:

  • Place the turmeric powder directly into your mouth paying attention to any areas affected by cavities.
  • Leave in place for 3-4 minutes before rinsing with warm water.
  • Repeat twice a day for 3 days.
  • Repeat this cycle once per week until your cavities have healed.

Notes: In addition to using turmeric powder, you can also combine the turmeric with ¼ teaspoon of mustard oil. You will need to massage this combination onto your teeth and gums and leave in place for ten minutes before rinsing with warm water. Repeat on the same schedule for best results.


7. Administer Neem

neem powder

Photo Credit: stylesamba.com

Neem leaves, also known as Indian Lilac, are a cure all for several skin, teeth, hair, and digestion issues in humans and animals. This is due to the high levels of anti-microbial, anti-viral, and anti-bacterial agents found in the neem plants. The high levels of anti-bacterial agents will easily heal any size cavity quickly and prevent the further spread of cavities in the mouth.

In addition, neem will promote healthier gums and strong teeth.

Required Ingredients:

  • 1-3 Neem leaves

Process:

  • Take the neem leaves and gently rub them throughout the mouth, paying close attention to the gums and any areas affected by cavities.
  • Repeat twice daily until the cavities are gone.

Notes: If you cannot find fresh neem leaves, you can use a toothpaste containing neem or even neem essential oil.


8. Administer Indian Gooseberry

indian gooseberry

Another herbal remedy for cavities is Indian Gooseberry, sometimes called amla. This herb contains high amounts of Vitamin C and antioxidants as well as being a natural anti-bacterial fighting ingredient. Indian gooseberry will promote the healing of the cavities present as well as prevent the further spread of any infections present.

Indian gooseberry will also aid in the development and healing of the gums connective tissues. Furthermore, the indian gooseberry will cleanse the mouth and get rid of bad breath.

Required Ingredients:

  • Fresh Amla

Process:

  • Wash and eat one fresh amla each day.
  • Repeat daily for 2 weeks for best results.

Notes: If you cannot find fresh amla, you can also administer a powdered amla. Simply add ½ a teaspoon of the dried amla to a glass of water and drink once per day for one to two weeks.


9. Administer Nutmeg

nutmeg

Nutmeg is a natural herbal remedy for several ailments since it contains high levels of anticariogenic properties. These properties will extract the infection within the cavity and heal the affected area. At the same time, the nutmeg will help prevent the spread of further cavities within the mouth.

Required Ingredients:

  • 1 Fresh nutmeg clove
  • ½ teaspoon of clove or oregano oil

Process:

  • Grind the nutmeg clove and combine with the clove or oregano oil.
  • Place onto the affected tooth and throughout the entire mouth.
  • Leave in place for 10 minutes and rinse with warm water.
  • Repeat twice per day for 7-10 days for best results against cavities.

Notes: If you cannot find fresh nutmeg, you can also administer nutmeg oil. Simple take a cotton swab and absorb a generous amount of the nutmeg oil. Gently rub the cotton swab onto the affected area and leave for 10 minutes before rinsing. Follow the same regime schedule as the above listed home remedy.


10. Administer Wheatgrass

Wheatgrass

Wheatgrass is a natural ingredient containing high levels of vitamins and minerals as well as cancer and anti-bacterial fighting properties. Since the wheatgrass contains such high levels of anti-bacterial properties it is a great home remedy for fighting against cavities. The wheatgrass will help fight the infection and the spread of the infection, any inflammation, and any pain associated with the cavity.

In addition, wheatgrass has high levels of Vitamin E and A and it also contains minerals that are vital for strong and healthy teeth such as calcium, magnesium, and iron.

Required Ingredients:

  • Fresh wheatgrass or wheatgrass juice

Process:

  • Drink ½ a glass of fresh wheatgrass juice once per day on an empty stomach. Repeat daily until the cavity has healed.
  • In addition, you can chew on the fresh wheatgrass slowly and ensure you are thorough so it can penetrate the affected areas.

Notes: If you do not want to drink or chew the wheatgrass you may also combine 1 part wheatgrass to 6 parts water and swish in your mouth for several minutes before spitting and rinsing away.


11. Administer Activated Charcoal

activative charcoal

Photo Credit: uncleharrys.com

Activated charcoal is a natural ingredient that helps the body to get rid of toxins. In the case of oral health, activated charcoal will help to whiten your teeth as well as remove the toxins causing the infection in the tooth.Activated charcoal works gently yet powerfully and it will promote whiter teeth, fight off infection , plaque, and gingivitis, strengthen the enamel and promote further enamel growth, as well as give you fresh breath. Essentially, activate charcoal is a great home remedy for cavities and complete oral health.

Required Ingredients:

  • Activated charcoal tablets

Process:

  • Crush up one activated charcoal tablet.
  • Wet your toothbrush and place the crushed activated charcoal onto the toothbrush.
  • Place the toothbrush into your mouth and brush normally, yet pay careful attention to any areas affected by cavities.
  • Brush in small circular motions for 2 minutes.
  • Rinse with warm water.
  • Repeat once to twice a week for 1-2 weeks or until the cavity is gone.

Any of the above listed home remedies for cavities can be used on children, just be sure to find one that agrees with your child as some of them have a stronger taste than others. In addition to helping to cure cavities and tooth decay in adults and children, the above listed home remedies are also great for treatment for baby bottle tooth decay in children.

In case you are not aware of this condition, baby bottle tooth decay is a term given to the condition that develops in babies and toddlers who are developing teeth, yet are already suffering from tooth decay due to the high sugar contents of a juice or bottle given to them. Babies and toddlers are susceptible to developing baby bottle tooth decay since they will be regularly using a bottle and they are constantly drinking or sipping throughout the day without rinsing their mouths with water.

In addition, many parents make the mistake in assuming babies and toddlers do not require dental care. This cannot be further from the truth. If teeth are present in the mouth, even if they are baby teeth, oral hygiene and care are important for the proper development and health of the teeth and mouth.

Combining any of the above home remedies for cavities can also be implemented, depending on the severity of your cavities or tooth decay, personal preference, and dental recommendations. There are also several tips you can keep in mind so you have optimal dental health and prevent further cavities from developing.

Tips for better dental hygiene and to prevent more cavities from developing include:


  • Regularly use a mouthwash that is antibacterial. This will enable you to fight off bacteria, plaque, and even prevent gum disease.
  • Rinse your mouth with slightly warm water any time after eating a snack or drinking something that is not water.
  • Cut out sugary foods, candy, and sodas from your diet or reduce your intake of these products.
  • Make sure to brush 2-3 times per day.
  • When you brush ensure you are using gentle and circular motions.
  • Make sure to floss at least once per day to help remove plaque, bacteria, and any food stuck in between the teeth and gums.
  • Drink black or green tea to prevent plaque build-up on the teeth.
  • After drinking any drinks that are acidic, make sure to rinse your mouth with warm water to help remove the acids from your teeth and enamel.
  • Drinking cranberry juice often will help to promote dental health.
  • Make sure you are getting plenty of vitamin d – whether it be through exposure to the sun, eating plenty of diary, or even taking a supplement.
  • Chewing sugar free gum will aid in saliva production which will help prevent dry mouth, remove any food particles in the teeth, as well as prevent cavities.
  • Drink plenty of water each day. The water will help to rinse away anything left on the mouth and increase your saliva production. You will also prevent dry mouth and bad breath with regularly drinking water.
  • Make sure your diet is high in fiber, vitamins, and minerals so you can be at optimal health and fight infection naturally as well as increase your saliva production.

Keeping a healthy smile will leave you wanting to smile even more. And smiles are very contagious. This is why I am passionate about oral health and hygiene and with the help of home remedies for cavities you can be sure to achieve the best natural dental health for you and your family. Keeping high levels of dental health are vital to ensure you have long lasting gum and tooth health.

After your baby teeth, you only get one chance to keep your teeth for the rest of your life. Make sure you take care of them. This is another reason why I love to share natural remedies with others. If you can use a natural remedy to help with the health and care of your body instead of using harsh chemicals, you will find they are powerful and gentle.